Founded in 1948, Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro (MAM Rio) is devoted to vanguardism and experimentalism. Over the years, it has harbored a great many of Brazil’s artistic movements, including Grupo Frente (1954), Neoconcretism (1959), New Brazilian Objectivity (1967), Cinema Novo (1960s), Cinema Marginal (1970s), independent shorts and documentaries (1970s-1980s), and contemporary experimental film (2000s).
The print workshop (as of 1959), the landmark exhibitions Opinião 65 (Opinion 65) and Opinião 66 (Opinion 66), the open-air weekend courses for the public, like the Creative Sundays (1971), and the Experimental Area (1975-1978) in the museum’s exhibition space are all milestones in the history of Brazilian art.
The MAM Rio collection consists of around 6,600 modern and contemporary artworks from Brazil and around the world. The Gilberto Chateaubriand Collection, with approximately 6,600 works, and the Joaquim Paiva Collection, containing around 1,800 photographs, are also on permanent loan to the museum. The foreign artists represented in the museum’s collections include Constantin Brancusi, Alberto Giacometti, Auguste Rodin, Marino Marini, Maria Helena Vieira da Silva, Jean Arp, Alexander Calder, Carlos Cruz-Diez, Anselm Adams, Diane Arbus, A. R. Penck, Gerhard Richter, Josef Albers, Victor Vasarely, César, Andy Warhol, Keith Haring, and many others. The Brazilian artists include Anita Malfatti, Cícero Dias, Maria Martins, Candido Portinari, Ivan Serpa, Bruno Giorgi, Amilcar de Castro, Franz Weissmann, Helio Oiticica, Lygia Clark, Antonio Dias, Hercules Barsotti, Willys de Castro, Anna Bella Geiger, Rubens Gerchman, Artur Barrio, Cildo Meireles, Waltercio Caldas, Antonio Manuel, Nelson Leirner, Regina Silveira, Tunga, Carlos Vergara, Marcia X, Beatriz Milhazes, and Adriana Varejão.
The building that has housed MAM Rio since 1958, designed by the French-Brazilian architect Affonso Eduardo Reidy, is recognized internationally as an outstanding example of modern architecture. The museum gardens were designed by Roberto Burle Marx, who also landscaped the whole of Flamengo Park, the green area in which the museum stands.
Occupying a prime location overlooking Guanabara Bay, MAM Rio adjoins Santos Dumont airport and the national monument to the soldiers who died in World War II. It is a few minutes’ walk from the historic center of the downtown district. The museum windows offer views not only of Guanabara Bay, but also of Sugar Loaf, Outeiro da Glória church, and the statue of Christ the Redeemer.